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Santoku vs. Funayuki: Six Main Differences You Should Know

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Japanese knife makers have a knife design for every function in the kitchen. A Set of Japanese kitchen knives could have in excess of 10 knives, each with its own function and purpose. The santoku and the funayuki are two such Japanese design knives of similar size. So what is the difference between a santoku and a funayuki knife?

The santoku and funayuki knives are both multipurpose kitchen knives. The santoku is less agile than a funayuki but is more robust for a wider range of uses in the kitchen. The funayuki is a narrower, light blade that is agile, with a pointed tip that makes it better for fine slicing work.

In a set of Japanese knives, the santoku and the funayuki knives look very similar in size and length. However, as with most Japanese culinary knives, each is designed with a specific purpose in mind.

This means there are subtle differences in the features and characteristics of the two knives that are relevant to their intended purpose.

If you are interested in checking out the best Japanese knives (made by Hayate Yoshihiro) we recommend and use you can find them by clicking here (Amazon link).

Origins Of The Santoku Knife

Origins Of The Santoku Knife
Origins Of The Santoku Knife

The name santoku is in reference to the intended purpose for this type of blade. The full name of the knife is a santoku bocho.

In Japanese, “san” is the number three, and the rest of the name can be translated as virtues or uses. Thus, the santoku is a multipurpose knife that was intended for three purposes in the kitchen.

The design of the knife makes it suitable in the kitchen to cut meat, cut and chop up vegetables and cut fish. The triple use could also refer to the types of cutting methods the knife is capable of; chopping, slicing, and dicing.

The balance of the knife is centered where the tang meets the blade, which gives the knife the correct balance point for its intended uses. 

The santoku is a medium-sized knife, ranging from between 5 to 8-inches in length, which is 13 to 20cm in metric. For a medium-sized knife, the blade is relatively tall and stays that way until the spine of the knife dramatically tapers down to the tip of the knife in a sheep’s foot style.

The height of the blade gives the knuckles of your knife hand clearance above a chopping board when the knife is used for chopping.

The height of the blade is also useful to rest the blade against the knuckles of your free hand when the knife is used in the fast tap-chopping style to quickly process vegetables.

The height of the blade does, however, limit the agility of the santoku for more detailed or fine knife work. The tip of the knife is quite chunky, which does not lend itself to precise tip work, as would be the case with a knife that has a less tall blade and a slimmer tip.

Due to the multipurpose nature of the santoku knife, it is the most common knife that is found in Japanese household kitchens and is normally considered the go-to knife for general kitchen and food preparation duties.

The santoku is traditionally a single beveled knife, but the western influence has led to the knife being popular in a double bevel version, even in Japan.

The single bevel version in Japan would always have the bevel on the right of the blade to cater to a righthanded person. Lefthanded people in Japan were considered to be unnatural and were often not tolerated in society.

Thus, lefthanded single bevel knives, where the bevel is on the left side of the blade, are generally only found in the west.

If you are interested in buying a high-quality Santoku knife we recommend checking out this knife made by the Yoshihiro company (Amazon link).

TIP: Another frequently searched comparison is a comparison between Honesuki vs Hankotsu knives. Find out the main differences between these two knives in the article below:

Honesuki vs. Hankotsu: What’s The Difference?

Origins Of The Funayuki Knife

Origins Of The Funayuki Knife
Origins Of The Funayuki Knife

As we have mentioned in our comparison of the funayuki and the gyuto knives, the funayuki has its origins in Japan’s fishing community. The name literally means “on boat” and was the multi-functional knife that fishermen used aboard their boats.

The funayuki was used by fishermen to process their catch, perform in a utility knife role onboard the boat, and also process their meals while they were at sea. Thus, the knife needs to be robust enough to handle rough work but delicate enough to process food in the kitchen.

The funayuki, like the santoku, is a medium-sized knife and can be of a length between 4.7-inches and 7.6-inches or between 12cm and 19cm.

This knife looks similar in shape to a chef’s knife and is sometimes considered to be a mini-chefs knife and is used for similar functions in the kitchen.

The sharp edge of the blade is quite flat, but with a small belly to the blade, as it sweeps up to the point of the knife.

The blade of a funayuki is relatively thin to be able to process fish and is therefore not suitable for heavy-duty boning work or heavy chopping, but it works well for light chopping work.

The lightweight nature of the funayuki, the thin blade, and the tapering tip make this a much more agile knife and makes it suitable to use with delicate fine work as well as robust work.

The slight belly on the knife gives it the ability to rock on the tip of the knife, making it ideal for finely chopping herbs and softer vegetables.

The lightness and agility of the funayuki make it a popular knife for portioning a chicken carcass. It is not robust enough, however, to split a chicken carcass down the middle.

If you are interested in buying a high-quality Funayuki knife we recommend checking out this knife made by the Yoshihiro company (Amazon link).

TIP: In addition to the Santoku knife, the Funayuki knife is also often compared to the Gyuto knife. Do you know the main differences between these two knives? Find out more in the article below:

Funayuki Vs. Gyuto: The 5 Essential Differences

Differences Between Santoku And Funayuki Knives

Santoku vs. Funayuki: Main Differences
Differences Between Santoku And Funayuki Knives

For the purposes of highlighting the differences between these two fine kitchen knives, it would be useful to give them a side-by-side comparison so that the differences between the knives are more visible.

In the table below, we have highlighted the different features and purposes that separate these two mid-sized kitchen knives.

FeatureSantokuFunayuki
Knife Length5 to 8-inches, but most commonly 7 to 8-inches4.7 to 7.6 inches. This knife is most commonly in the mid-size of this range.
Blade ProfileTall blade with the spine of the knife sloping aggressively towards the tip of the knife in a sheep’s-foot designThe tip is chunky and not agile for fine work. The blade is not agile due to its height.Narrower blade with the spine and edge curving gently towards a sharper tip. The tip is thinner and agile and, therefore, suitable for delicate work. The blade is light and agile.
BalanceThe balance is where the tang meets the blade to allow for fine even slicing.The balance is normally towards the first third of the blade.
BevelTraditionally a single bevel but double bevel varieties have gained recent popularityTraditionally a single bevel knife. Western versions sometimes have double bevels.
PurposeCutting meat, fish, and vegetables. Suitable for slicing, dicing, and chopping. A straight blade makes rocking the blade to chop herbs with the heel of the blade difficult. The tip is chunky and not agile enough for delicate work.Suitable for processing fish and chopping light vegetables. The fine, tapered tip can be used for more delicate work and precise tip cuts. Good for push and pull cuts and light chopping
Handle StyleThe handles on these knives can be western-style handles or rounded or octagonal traditional Japanese handles.These knives most commonly have Japanese rounded or octagonal handles.
Santoku vs. Funayuki: The main differences

As can be seen, by the details of the characteristics of these knives, they are both considered to be multipurpose knives in the kitchen, but the santoku would probably be the more robust of the two and would be suitable for heavier duty work than the funayuki.

TIP: In addition to knives, whetstones are often compared. For example, Shapton company has traditional stone products and glass stones. Check out the main differences between these two whetstones in the article below:

Shapton Kuromaku Vs. Glass Stone: What Works Best?

Conclusion

The santoku knife and the funayuki knife are both mid-sized knives in the range of Japanese-style kitchen knives.

Even though these knives are similar in size and are both considered to be multipurpose knives, they have varying characteristics that make them better at certain tasks than others.

Japanese household kitchens generally prefer the use of a santoku knife as a general-purpose kitchen knife over the funayuki, but the funayuki definitely has its place in a professional kitchen.

If you are an avid chef and spend a lot of time in the kitchen, it would be worth your while to have one of each of these knives, but if you had you choose only one for general purpose use, it would probably be a santoku knife.

TIP: We know, Japanese knives are expensive. But are they worth it? Check out the main reasons why Japanese knives are worth their price:

9 Reasons Why Japanese Knives Are Worth Their Price

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